Plants for the Formal Garden Patio

Do you prefer a formal look?  Native doesn't need to mean naturalistic.  This room showcases native substitutes for exotic species typically found in formal landscapes.  Instead of Big Leaf Hydrangea, Boxwood and Pachysandra, consider Smooth Hydrangea, Inkberry Holly and Allegheny Spurge.  These native plants provide food and habitat for birds in addition to formal structure and year-round beauty. 

Note that the Plant List below is accurate, but the photos are not.

​Trees

Green Hawthorn

Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' 

Ecological Benefits: Nest Site for Birds, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer, Food for Birds, Food for Caterpillars

Sweetbay Magnolia

Magnolia virginiana 'Moonglow'

Ecological Benefits: Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer

Shrubs

Smoothleaf Hydrangea

Hydrangea arborescens 'Haas Halo'

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Nest Site for Birds, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer

Inkberry Holly

Ilex glabra 'Gem Box'

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Nest Site for Birds, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer, Food for Winter Birds

Smooth Witherod Viburnum

Viburnum nudum 'Brandywine'

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Nest Side for Birds, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer, Food for Winter Birds, Food for Breeding Birds, Food for Spring Migrant Birds, Food for Caterpillars

 

Smooth Witherod Viburnam

Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Nest Side for Birds, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer, Food for Winter Birds, Food for Breeding Birds, Food for Spring Migrant Birds, Food for Caterpillars

Perennials

Turtlehead

Chelone glabra

Ecological Benefits: Not Applicable

Coral Bells

Heuchera villosa "Autumn Bride"

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife

Dwarf crested Iris

Iris cristata "Alba"

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife

Bluebells

Mertensia virginica

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer

Foamflower

Tiarella cordifolia "Brandywine"

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer

Grasses & Groundcovers

Bunny Blue Sedge

Carex laxiculmis "Hobb"

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Nest Site for Birds, Food for Winter Birds, Food for Caterpillars

Allegheny Spurge

Pachysandra procumbens

Ecological Benefits: Cover for Wildlife, Pollen Producer, Nectar Producer

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